- water table, large tub, or plastic wading pool (if outside)
- two plastic bins labeled with picture signs: “Float” and “Sink”
- collection of balls that float or sink (ping pong ball, golf ball, tennis ball, rubber ball, Wiffle ball, large marble)
- “Our Ideas About Sinking and Floating” chart
Key Science Concepts
- Objects behave differently in water. Some float; some don’t.
Encourage children to use words related to sinking and floating such as shape, weight, and material, along with science process words such as observe, notice, compare, same, different, change, test, and predict.
Tell children they will try sinking and floating experiments with different balls.
- Now that children have some experience with sinking and floating, ask them to make predictions beforehand. One by one, hold up a different ball, (ping pong ball, rubber ball, Wiffle ball, etc.) and invite children to predict whether each ball will float or sink. Record the predictions on your “Our Ideas About Sinking and Floating” chart.
- Invite children to test out the balls, one at a time.
- Record what happens on the chart.
Reflect and Share
Compare the predictions to the results. What ideas do children have about why some balls floated and some sank? Is there anything different about the ones that float and the ones that sink? Add any new ideas to the “Our Ideas About Sinking and Floating” chart.